R ESTO R AGE - NATIONALMUSEUM ESTLAND

Fakten

Pläne, Modell
Zeitraum
02.10.2005 - 08.11.2005

Ort
Tartu, Estland
(auf Karte anzeigen)

urbikon Verantwortliche
Kai Dolata, Michael Grzesiak, Sebastian Stiess,

Kollaboration
Veronika Valk

Lageplan

 

Vogelschau

 

Wettbewerbsmodell © Veronika Valk

 

 

 

 

Geschoss-Schematas

 

Rundgang

 

rESTOrAGE manual

A guide to building estonia in 30 days
…money back guarantee!!!

Past few years, Estonia’s branding slogan has been *Estonia — positively transforming*. Well, at the same time, Estonians are by statistics highly superstitious and believe they have been very unlucky throughout history. In fact, there is less than a million Estonians left, the birth-rate is negative and it could be said that the nation is dying out. This trend has greatly to do with high suicide rates, alcoholism and general depressive state of mind.

rESTOrAGE as a device is not just about researching the past, but looking into the future, asking how to break this negative trend. Throughout history, psychologists have sought the springs of happiness. E.g. Dr. Richard Wiseman’s theory of *Luck Factor* rips apart the notion that luck is something that just happens. If luck can be predicted and therefore controlled, then could we alter the mind set of the whole population? rESTOrAGE as a storage machine is very specific on Estonian condition, however as a fortune teller, it truely reveals what *positively transforming* could be all about. rESTOrAGE draws a self-generating rebuild-plan on a grassroot level.

How?
rESTOrAGE i.e. guidebook on *How to Re-build Estonia in 30 Days* is based on four principles of luck theory:
A Maximize your chance opportunities – be aware of past and present (respect for ancestors and global co-dwellers of the mankind). Storage spaces.
B Listen to your lucky hunches – study the future and share your discoveries. Exhibition spaces, research facilities, Demographics Conference Centre.
C Expect good fortune – look and cherish the treasures of tomorrow (extra care for children and education, artist-in-residence, laboratories)
D Turn bad luck into good – restauration facilities, i.e. restaurant, workshops, inner courtyard and surrounding landscape for mental restauration. Administration fixing all problems.

Thus, rESTOrAGE i.e. small-scale model and knowledge map of Estonia helps the country to figure out_

  • how do people weave within their city every day. How do their lives fold out, flow out, or curl in?
  • what are the ways in which an urban environment can exploit their daily habits.
  • how to update and redistribute existing facilities. Create an adaptive spatial plan and map of geography. Discover buildings and spaces that may enhance or facilitate the social space.
  • begin developing promoting institutions. These new buildings providing resources that are contemporary in nature, i.e provide for the behaviours of everday(now). E.g the mobile phone is now almost a global phenomenom and has in no doubt changed the way we relate and socialise on a daily basis, re-organising the routes and psycho space of our lives. Estonian human geographers and urbanists have developed Mobile Positioning System to be integrated into research.
  • connect these above mentioned two proposals together. How is the country being used, how to alter-ammend some movements. What resources would be neccessary. ..e.g. to control vehicular traffic, what infrastructure would be needed. Or for bikes. And could these interact with the pedestrian…should that be based on over all traffic density.
  • taking in mind the identity.. ..what are the formal challenges. What is the architectural environment providing for. What are some of the traces/patterns of succession.
  • then is it government programs that need implementing? How are the resources being delt out. What political ambitions are forging their way foward. I.e. ‘Who has control’ ?
  • with the who is the why? What provides them this hand, and is there counter action via a process of awareness, or a direction of a ‘typical behaviour’?
  • why is there a shortage to education facilities? Who has access to them?
  • could the government not create a free education facility, that would provide the approriate facilities to develop the problems that currently exist? I.e engineering, and any other problem sector that needs remedy. Money would have to be aquired to develop them, for that a projection based on the conception implemented for practice. Always looking at a time span of at least 25 years.

rESTOrAGE is a device for balancing i.e. the economy of a nation. It knows the past and future expenditures and investments. Its knowledge pool helps researchers, politicians, artists – everyone involved, to bring another level to existing facilities. I.e.,keen issue of updating the education system – constructing new schools and kindergartens, upgrading teaching modules. Establishing a more modern conception of self in place, starting with early developing and learning. Later on a fitting in to the matrix, as the use of computer technology is introduced into the learning process, intergration of the IT/mobile communication and the global world. It is a different environment to learn socialise and play in.

Program add-ons

  • Future Studies Institute branch incorporating academic research done by Human Geography Dept at Tartu University
  • Demographics Conference centre
  • A new type of kindergarten and a school – alleviating overall shortage of kindergartens and schools in Estonia
  • Artist-in-Residence
  • Life is just too much sometimes – but there’s nothing that a good sauna cannot cure. A traditional *smoke* sauna

and before you notice —
OH MY GOD! IT’S ALIVE

SITE — Access
rESTOrAGE is accessed from Vahi street in the south, with car parking hidden inside the elongated structure of the building. Turning onto the site from the street, the visitor first has a visual axis across the lake, then parks the car and enters the building. Technical access is provided both from the underground parking facility in the West as well from the additional entrance in the East.

Outside activities
Since the entire territory of Raadi manor has recently become a place for people to spend their leisure time, the site is likely to become even more popular. Proposed outside ctivities not directly related to visiting the museum are 3 hikes interlinked by rESTOrAGE:
A Cultural-historical hike — the area of the competition encompasses the elongated Raadi lake, to the north and Northeast of which is situated the Raadi manor complex, which is to be preserved as storage buildings. Reconstruction of the regular park is to be continued, the Raadi manor park south of the lake is to be preserved in its natural form.
B The military airfield is located a little further away from the competition area. Why not take a *flyhike*?
C Also, on the other side of Vahi Street, there is a former gravel quarry now the site of BMX tracks that serpentine across the site. Perfect location for tricks on bikes and other sports fun.

Surrounding buildings in the park which are under heritage conservation protection are preserved and exhibited, such as the ruins of the main building in the Raadi estate park, dating from the 19-20th century. The Raadi estate gate building, dating from the 19th century. Two of the cellars on the southwest shore of the lake are renovated together with the ruins of the distillery at the eastern end of the lake.

Illuminated pedestrian pathways provide rest on benches, playgrounds for children. Smoke sauna on Raadi lake helps to relax according to Estonian tradition. Vegetation highlights linden trees, Serbian firs, oaks, and other types of trees and shrubs. Specific spectacular species are labeled accordingly, for visitors’ broader awareness about surroundings. Ancient trees are preserved, with footpaths leading to them. The entire water regime of the pond to the East is to be purified.

Public open-air events
Raadi Manor Park is already being actively used for different types of events (national holidays, concerts, festivals, etc.) — such practices are further expanded. rESTOrAGE roof landscape and inner courtyard (appr 6000m²) is a place for mass events such as summer performance of “Eesti ballaadid” (Estonian Ballads), singing festivals etc, but also for events that are not directly associated with the museum – courtyard is open to public independently of the museum’s working hours..

Roads, traffic and parking
Prospective extension of Raatuse Street, which begins at Town Hall Square, all the way to Vahi Street, allows for the main traffic to be divided between two roads – Narva Road and Raatuse Street. Roosi Street is an access route for light traffic from the city centre. Together with reconstruction and widening of Narva Road and Vahi Street, the northern bypass will be moved further onto rural municipal land, according to municipality’s plans.
Parking spaces in front of the main entrance to the museum accommodate 550 cars and 22 busses to cater for the various activities available on the territory.
Delivery and distribution of archive materials and storage items is via underground. parking facility below main entrance.

BUILDING — rESTOrAGE

Room program

The key to rESTOrAGE room program is not the collection i.e. possession of things but a method of how to use the cultural riches and civilizational intelligence of past, future and contemporary life. The key element is knowledge processing. To achieve this, we need 3 players:
1. Collection itself – storage (archives as well as library storage), open to public as much as possible. The only part of rESTOrAGE room program not accessible to public consists of arriving and departing exhibition packaging and storage rooms, conservation laboratories, photo laboratory, curators and laboratory workers offices, and other rooms where objects are worked with, warehouses and auxiliary rooms.
2. Browsing – comparable to surfing the (inter)net. In RESTOrAGE this happens via walking through the archive, which is open to the public as much as possible. As a result, visitors encounter the preserved items by random acquaintance, at first glance almost chaotically. Why random? Traditional archiving system will not make as much sense in the future where museums need to *categorize* e.g. sneakers – are they plastic/ textile/ behavioral/ culture/ youth/ sports/…? rESTOrAGE system marks these things with IT technology, so the physical shelving becomes more of a knowledge map.
Archives intertwine with exhibition spaces as much as possible, creating a truly integrated *all in one* structure. How is this achieved? Via honeycomb system, where archive units pop up in exhibition spaces. Area of a single storing unit measures appr 42m², 7×8m, length of hexagon side ca 4m.
Visitor receives highly customised information and chooses the trajectory through the building. Storage merges with exhibition halls (including temporary exhibitions), library and archive reading rooms and other rooms where visitors and the collections come into contact.
3. Combining and communicating. According to a research done at MIT, 80% of invention emerges through communication, and not so much through the actual research. This reveals the capability of associative powers, catalysed by conferences, arts and various events, stimulated by meetings among creative people from different fields. rESTOrAGE becomes a catapult, instigating and nurturing imagination, backed up by stored knowledge.
This part of the program includes all of open zone i.e from lobby to cafe, restaurant and museum store, as well as conference hall (Demographics Studies), auditoriums, rooms for educational work and other visitor services rooms.

Construction and materials
The external facade is based on the protective fur of polar bears, whose translucent, dense hair focus ultraviolet rays onto the black skin to heat it up and simultaneously isolates it. Thus creating a translucent facade, so the perimeter walkway is naturally illuminated but the visitor is not distracted by any view outside. It strengthens the introverted idea of the building and focuses onto the internal courtyards, which represent an inverted, scaled model of Estonia. The facades facing those courtyards reflect the orientation of the country towards the European Union. Towards the west the transparent surface fosters that, whereas the east-oriented provide an answer to the new eastern European border as it can be blinded with a birch blend.

Main courtyard measures around 6000 sqm. Its layout is based on the country’s geological shape. The highest ground in the south will provide a ramp access from the roof. Within the courtyard the position of cities mark containers, which hold a temporary, umbrella-like roof structure that can be deployed from the ground. The courtyard’s perimeter house a roof-light-strip, illuminating the working and storage areas underneath. The roof of the building will be formed by the structural system. Shallow domes made from fibre concrete create a hilly landscape that also form light domes for the exhibition space below. The material used is capable to span large widths, so only a few columns are necessary in ground floor space.

Rotable blinders - spanning the total height of the interior - form a division between the perimeter walk and the exhibition space. Those blinders will again be subdivided to create different spatial situation where for instance the upper part can be closed as a screen and the lower one opened to create access diffusions. Thus a most flexible exhibition layout and variety of sizes and inter-connection can be created.

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